National parks and nature
National Park "Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft"
This national park is situated in the east of the Baltic Coast area, in the
The National Park "Vorpommersche Boddenlandschaft"
comprises of nearly 200,000 acres of undisturbed nature and is therefore the
biggest in Central Europe. Marshland, special sea grass islands, spits,
lakes between Bodden and the sea, mud flats, steep cliffs and flat coasts,
original wooded parts along the coast and one of the biggest reservation area
for cranes are being looked after and protected here.
You can visit most of the park on your own or on guided tours.
The Rhododendron Park Graal-Mueritz is unique to the county of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern
and one of the biggest in Germany. It covers an area of around 6 acres and
hosts approximately 2500 plants, 60 of them being different rhododendron hybrids.
In May and June, when the 2000 perennials are in full blossom, the park is
perfumed by their scent and displays an harmonious picture of all imaginable
colours. This is the time when the inhabitants the seaside resort Graal-Mueritz
and its guests celebrate the annual Rhododendron Festival. One of the highlights
are guided tours led by "Miss Rhododendron".
The park's pavilion lends concerts, exhibitions and book readings a very special atmosphere.
Aquatic Centre Fehmarn
Fehmarn Island is home to a spectacular aquatic sea water centre. It boasts
one of the biggest aquariums in Europe, with a holding capacity of around 3 million
litres of water the so called "Riesenozean" and many smaller tanks.
Get eye to eye with tropical fishes, swimming directly above your head in a
tunnel, 10 metres long and made of acrylic glass. Sharks are the centre
of attention in this sea water aquatic centre. It is home to 12 different species.
German Oceanographic Museum "Ozeaneum"
The Ozeaneum is to be found in the Hanseatic city Stralsund. In 2010 it was
awarded the title "European Museum of the year"!
Visiting this brand new and huge exhibition will take you on a fascinating
underwater journey through the northern seas. It starts with a downward glance
into the docks of Stralsund, across different parts of the Baltic Sea towards
Skerry Sea over to Kattegat and Skagerrak, arriving at the Wadden Sea in the
North Sea. Passing Helgoland island the visitor will arrive at the coral reefs
of the North Atlantic and finally approach the arctic underwater regions. At
the end of the tour through the Ozeaneum spectacular eye catching life size
models of whales "1:1 giants of the Sea" await the visitor.
Sea Life, Timmendorfer Strand
Sea Life Timmendorfer Strand opened its doors in 1996. This enormous aquarium
is home to thousands of living creatures. Unique to the north of Germany it
allows an exceptional insight into the biodiversity of northern European and
In 36 lifelike, vibrant and stunning tanks and enclosures you can discover
the diversity of species and beauty of native and tropical sea life. On
approximately 1500 m² the visitor has the chance to explore the world
of otters, the winter fjord, dock, grotto, turtle riff and much more.
Institute of Oceanography in Kiel
The aquarium of the Institute of Oceanography in Kiel comprises of more than
30 tanks. It allows a small insight into the biodiversity of for example fishes,
echinoderms, snails, mussels and shellfish.
The biggest attraction for both young and old are the seals. They live in a
generously big enclosure outdoors and may be observed 24/7.
When holidaying on the island of Ruegen visiting the Chalk Coast is a definite
must. The majestic sight of the chalk cliffs already inspired a number of
painters and poets in the 19th century. Probably one of the most well known
paintings on this topic is "Kreidefelsen auf Ruegen" by Caspar David Friedrich (around 1818).
Let the stunning colours of the Chalk Coast on Ruegen fascinate you: the white
of the chalk cliffs is framed by the colours blue of the Baltic Sea which
changes into turquoise when close to banks and green of fabulous beech woods,
which turn a spectacular yellow and red in autumn.
A number of fantastic viewpoints and sights can be reached by a coastal path.
Discover the Koenigsstuhl, Victoriasicht, Kieler Ufer, the Ernst-Moritz-Arndt-Sicht
and Wissower Klinken.
Get on board a boat to Stubbenkammer, just a few miles south of Koenigsstuhl,
and enjoy the fantastic scenery of the Chalk Coast from the sea.
Chalk museum in Gummanz
Chalk has been mined for a long time on the island of Ruegen. The chalk museum
is the first and only of its kind in Europe. Visitors will find it in Gummanz,
in the north east of the island, in a restored workshop of an old chalk plant.
Strolling through the exhibition original tools and technical equipment as
well as pictures and written documentation will provide a wide range of information
on geology, the 200-year old tradition of chalk mining and the industrial usage
of chalk. Even today chalk has its use in a number of products.
The 1.5 km long, interesting, informative and fun nature trail will take you
to "Kleiner Koenigsstuhl". There the visitor is spoiled with amazing
views across Jasmund peninsular and its Bodden.
National Park Centre Koenigsstuhl
The Jasmund National Park is Germany's smallest nature reserve on Germany's
biggest island, Ruegen.
The National Park Centre can be found directly on Koenigsstuhl, Ruegen's most
famous landmark, and has something in store for every one. On an area of 2000 m²,
it reveals secrets of the Jasmund National park.
Be surprised by head high glaciers, a 15-metre-tall chalk wall, interesting
exhibits to touch and things to do and explore. Experience the national park
from bird's eye view in the cinema or dive into the depth of earth on virtual tours.
For all the small explorers the centre offers an adventure playground.
Cape Arkona is situated on the tip of Wittow peninsula on the island of Ruegen.
It seems to be the most northern point, but actually lies a few miles east. Chalk
and stones formed this 45 metre tall landmark. It used to be a religious centre
of the Slavic Rani.
Nowadays it is one of the most frequently visited sights
on Ruegen. Standing on the cliff, enjoy the stunning views across the Baltic Sea.
Cape Arkona is a conservation area. Most famous are its two lighthouses. One
constructed by Karl Friedrich Schinkel in 1827 and the other built around 1900.
Visiting the Cape there is a lot to explore. Guests can discover remains of
an old Slavonic fortress, today called Jaromarsburg, dating back to the 6th - 12th
century, a military bunker and a foghorn. Strolling along visitors will come
across the small fishing village Vitt with its thatched cottages and Germany's
most northern chapel. This remarkable octagonal building nestles a stone throw
away from the water and was built based on plans by architect Karl Friedrich
Schinkel in 1816.
Flint stone fields
These flint stone fields can be found on the island of Ruegen close to the
community of Neu-Mukran. They are situated in the nature reserve Schmale Heide
and unique to Europe. A footpath of about 2 km takes you from the car park in
Neu-Mukran to this geological gem.
On roughly 100 acres parallel to the Baltic coast you will discover embankment
after embankment made of grey-white flint stone. A number of severe floods
piled up these flint stones about 3500 to 4000 years ago. The approximately
one metre high embankments are embedded in heathlands with juniper trees,
wild roses, blackthorn, blueberries, grasses and heath. What a fantastic show
and eye catcher!
Around 9000 years ago people on the island found out that flint stones is
very useful for lightning fires and for tools. The extremely hard material
was perfect for making bifaces, chisels, axes, scrapers, knives, arrows and spearheads.
Bird's reservation area Langenwerder, Island Poel
Langenwerder is situated in the Baltic, north east of the island of Poel and
has an area of only 55 acres. Since 1909 this small flat island has served
for scientific purposes.
The ornithologist Professor Dietrich, from Hamburg,
was the first to acknowledge its value. It has been a bird's reservation area
since 1910 and is therefore the oldest in Mecklenburg.
It provides excellent shelter not only for mudflat and water birds but also
for migrant birds. Anyone interested in ornithology is drawn to the island.
Particularly in spring and autumn the birds encounter the island, saltmarsh
and area around the island in great numbers. This is the best time for observing.
An ornithologist guides you around the island feeding you with expert knowledge
on its flora and fauna.
Nature reserve Graswarder, Heiligenhafen
Graswarder is a nature reserve on a peninsula not far away from the Baltic spa
of Heiligenhafen. It is opposite the island of Fehmarn and comprises an area of
around 570 acres. With its Baltic Sea beaches, dune-covered embankments and
abundant salt marshes it is a paradise for flora and fauna alike. More than 40
different species of birds among them oyster catchers, avocets, redshanks and
grey geese populate the area from March to May to breed in peace.
Another 180 species come to the area to rest and hibernate. On the grass-covered
sandy and salty boggy soil flourish a number of sensitive plants and those
threatened by extinction.
Although most of the nature reserve is closed to the public, you still get
into direct contact with Mother Nature on special guided tours. Hand in your
shoes at the start and enjoy the soft grass under your feet.
If you are lucky, the ornithologist might give you an egg not hatched yet or
even a chicken to touch and hold.